What would have happened if Indira Gandhi had not chosen to end the Emergency?

Updated on : January 21, 2022 by Maisie Holmes



What would have happened if Indira Gandhi had not chosen to end the Emergency?

Dear Justin Mihalickji:

Janata Party - Wikipedia The state of emergency was formally ended by the newly formed Janata government headed by Morarji Desai as prime minister and not by Indira Gandhi. The opposition parties are decimated along with the total destruction of the judiciary, the complete enslavement of the media and the destruction of democracy in India. India has established a full dictatorial army and police state, somewhat similar to China or Russia, where personal liberties, liberty are everything

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Dear Justin Mihalickji:

Janata Party - Wikipedia The state of emergency was formally ended by the newly formed Janata government headed by Morarji Desai as prime minister and not by Indira Gandhi. The opposition parties are decimated along with the total destruction of the judiciary, the total enslavement of the media and the destruction of democracy in India. India has established a complete dictatorial police and army, a party state, somewhat similar to China or Russia, where personal liberties, liberty are restricted, their capitalist cronies control all the nation's resources, citizens lose the right to criticize the government and its actions and she presents a false facade of democracy to the whole world. And in such an arrangement, the government, the police, The armed forces have all the authority to decide on everything. The media and the judiciary exist only in name. And if Indira and her cronies decide to liquidate 2 to 3 million inhabitants (as Stalin and Mao did in the USSR and China) for the betterment of the nation (in her opinion) no one has stopped her, her son, to his cronies. Once the dictatorial ship is installed in the ecosystem it is created to nurture it for eternity. If you want corroboration, look at Pakistan, where democracy has totally failed even after 71 years of independence since its first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated in 1951 Liaquat Ali Khan - Wikipedia And if Indira and his cronies decide to liquidate 2 to 3 million inhabitants (as Stalin and Mao in the USSR and China) for the betterment of the nation (in her opinion), no one could stop her, her son, her cronies. Sets of ships are created in the ecosystem to nurture it for eternity. If you want corroboration, look at Pakistan, where democracy has totally failed even after 71 years of independence since its first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated in 1951 Liaquat Ali Khan - Wikipedia And if Indira and his cronies decide to liquidate 2 to 3 million inhabitants (as Stalin and Mao in the USSR and China) for the betterment of the nation (in her opinion), no one could stop her, her son, her cronies. Sets of ships are created in the ecosystem to nurture it for eternity. If you want corroboration, look at Pakistan, where democracy has totally failed even after 71 years of independence since its first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated in 1951Liaquat Ali Khan - Wikipedia to his cronies. Sets of ships are created in the ecosystem to nurture it for eternity. If you want corroboration, look at Pakistan, where democracy has totally failed even after 71 years of independence since its first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated in 1951Liaquat Ali Khan - Wikipedia to his cronies. Sets of ships are created in the ecosystem to nurture it for eternity. If you want corroboration, look at Pakistan, where democracy has totally failed even after 71 years of independence since its first prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan was assassinated in 1951Liaquat Ali Khan - Wikipedia

. And a dictatorship that nurtures the ecosystem was permanently established where no one cares about the elected government or the elected prime minister.

Today in India, opposition leaders accuse Modi and his government of various bogus charges just to get votes and no action is taken against them.

Because she was decisively defeated in 1977, her dictatorial features and those of her cliques were later largely subdued and democracy was saved in India thanks to the Indian voters who cast her out in the 1977 Lok Sabha elections.

What would have happened if Indira Gandhi had not chosen to end the Emergency?

Requested response. Thanks for an interesting question.

In my opinion, Indira Gandhi could have continued the charade at best for a couple of years more, and would have been overthrown, if not for the ballots, by some stray bullets anyway. (In fact, she was knocked down only by the assassins' bullets, but that must be another story)

It must be very difficult to keep a huge and diverse nation like India under a dictatorship for a long time. Somehow, the people would have rebelled and ended their authoritarian rule.

If the Emergency had continued, the entire opposition would have rotted in jail to save his life.

Ms. Gandhi would not have ruled for more than a couple of years. Her son Sanjay Gandhi would have replaced her in a bloodless coup. Mr. Rajiv Gandhi would have lived to a very old age and Ms. Sonia Gandhi would not have entered politics. Ms. Maneka Gandhi and Mr. Varun Gandhi would have been politically important and Mr. Rahul Gandhi and Ms. Priyanka Vadera would not have been on the political scene at all.

And yours really would have been sent to jail in late 1977.

It would have helped as that could have resulted in a revolution and we would have found the congress wiped off the Indian political map.

There would have been general improvements and elimination of the scale of expansion of corruption. It would not have grown to the level that it has.

The Indians are not mature. They brought her back by voting for her. That has proven to be suicidal.

There is a good chance that they will make a similar mistake again by the Elections Congress or similar opponents in the next General Election.

Indian Public will oppose immediate danger and past danger is always forgotten.

In 1977, the immediate danger was the emergency for which they voted against and in 1980, the immediate danger was in the stability and they voted against.

Immediate danger always takes precedence over past dangers.

But it is not surprising as it indicates.

Because the seats won will not always reflect the total mood of the people. The percentage of votes are indicators of the mood of the people.

Even if a party 'A' gets 50.1% and 'B' gets 49.9% and still 'A' can get 500 out of 542 seats. That is the flaw in our demo system.

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Indian Public will oppose immediate danger and past danger is always forgotten.

In 1977, the immediate danger was the emergency for which they voted against and in 1980, the immediate danger was in the stability and they voted against.

Immediate danger always takes precedence over past dangers.

But it is not surprising as it indicates.

Because the seats won will not always reflect the total mood of the people. The percentage of votes are indicators of the mood of the people.

Even if a party 'A' gets 50.1% and 'B' gets 49.9% and still 'A' can get 500 out of 542 seats. That is the defect of our democratic system.

But analysts and others always take into account the seats won when evaluating the popularity of a particular party.

In 1977, after the emergency, the congress obtained 34.52% and with the allies 40.98%, while in 1980 the congress obtained 42.69% with the allies.

So after the emergency in 1977, let's say 40.98% of the people supported the emergency and about 59% against. In 1980 43% supported the emergency and 57% against it.

So you can observe only a 2% change in your attitude. The only reason Congress got 374 seats is that while in 1977 the Janata Party was united and in 1980 it was divided.

So, the reversal is not due to the change in people's attitude but to the attitude of the political parties.

People are also upset by the dispute in the Janata Party and overwhelmed to face elections in 20 months, instead of 5 years.

In addition, at that time there are no social networks or internet or television. All news is generated through AIR and newspapers, which are censored in any way by the government during an emergency.

Therefore, everything good or bad spreads locally and cannot be propagated.

In the southern part of the state, the CMs have taken advantage of the emergency and have done some good deeds.

I was an AP resident at the time and found that the corruption completely disappeared in Govt. Offices.

So, mainly in emergency situations, the good or the bad depended on the Cheif Ministers of the particular state.

In North India Sanjay Gandhi's influence is greater and CM dances to his rhythm. That is why more excesses and more bad deeds occurred there and in 1977, while Congress obtained the full support of the South and the total denial of the North.

In 1980, while the mood held in the south, in the north 2-3% of people felt that stability was preferred to instability and voted for congress. Because the non-Congress parties are divided, the votes against Congress are divided and they could not win.

Now suppose that if any media house votes on the question “If Emergency is good or bad for the nation, I am sure that more than 60% vote for the“ bad ”option.

JAI HIND

INTRODUCTION - Indira Gandhi became PM in 1966 for the first time. Before that, she was Minister of Foreign Affairs. A girl who was not good at studying and joined politics to help her father suddenly became interested. Now, when she was foreign minister, she began to penetrate deeply into politics. Then when she became PM in 1966, she still needed a loyal person to guide her perfectly. Then he called to his right hand PK haksar. A Kashmiri man, very sharp-minded person. People said that PK haksar was the backbone of Indira Gandhi. Now the 1969 congress was divided and now one group was r

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INTRODUCTION - Indira Gandhi became PM in 1966 for the first time. Before that, she was Minister of Foreign Affairs. A girl who was not good at studying and joined politics to help her father suddenly became interested. Now, when she was foreign minister, she began to penetrate deeply into politics. Then when she became PM in 1966, she still needed a loyal person to guide her perfectly. Then he called to his right hand PK haksar. A Kashmiri man, very sharp-minded person. People said that PK haksar was the backbone of Indira Gandhi. Now the 1969 congress was divided and now a group was rising towards Indira. Indira knew it perfectly. Now the story changed in 1971. After the WESTERN PAKISTAN war in 1971. Indira became one of the dominant leaders in the world, all the international media began to pay attention to her. The opposition became silent as hell. People used to call her IRON LADY and nobody dared to speak in front of Indira. All cabinet ministers used to fear it.

As I always said, every story has a turning point.

1974 was that

The Bihar Movement was started by students in Bihar in 1974 and led by veteran Gandhian socialist Jayaprakash Narayan, popularly known as JP, against misrule and corruption in the Bihar government. He later turned against the government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in the central government.

Now that Jansangh was also raising ATAL, ADVANI, NANAJI. And before that, all the opposition leaders began to join hands to get Indira Gandhi out of her chair.

Then comes the case of Raj Narayan, he was a leader who does not fear anyone. He was in jail for many years during the British government (before 1947). He contested the election of Rae Bareilly and there was a 70% chance that he would defeat Indira. Because it was very popular in that area and I was very safe. But after the result he lost more than 100,000 votes, it was unexpected. Raj Narayan was very sure that something was done to prevent him from winning the election, even the people were shocked. The people affirm that the Soviet Union helped Indira to win those elections. Before the election of the day with the dye paper was changed, and the officers also corrupted a lot.

Raj Narayan called Shantibushan (famous lawyer) and told him the story. Now they decided to fight the case. Three points were raised in front of the judge.

  1. Regarding the symbol of the Congress, which was of COW and calf, he said that it affects the feeling of the people and that a religious symbol cannot be used.
  2. The officials are not used to helping in the electoral campaigns (Speaker and chair that they directed for Indira) because at the moment of the elections no one is given the favor.

Indira changed the Bluebook and did it on purpose for the elections.

The court accepted the accusation, but Congress was delayed 20 days. Now the game changed, Indira was under pressure and JP, who had become a thorn in her eyes. Indira only had a difficult option because she knew perfectly well that her political career would end if she loses in SC, since SC will impose a 6-year ban on her. Now, on June 25, that black day arrived. An emergency was declared.

People say that late at night at 00:15 am the president signed emergency orders.

The opposition leader was arrested. Censorship was introduced. Lakhs of people were arrested. Now after that, Jan Sangha went underground. One leader who escaped and went to Aboard was Subramanian swamy. The Jan sangha members know that they would get nothing to protest in India. Then Swamy came on board (USA) and began to tell Indira facts since she was very aware of the international image. Then he came to attend parliament and escape. This infuriated Indira Gandhi since no one dared to do this at that time. Swamy Subramanian became a Poster boy. EMERGENCY HERO in the eyes of the people and in the eyes of INDIRA MOST WANTED. They put 18 suitcases. Indira told Interpole that he is a criminal and now Interpole was chasing him. But Swamy was no less than her. He also escaped to Harvard and Nepal (his student was King) and lived there. Atal Bihari signed the paper and obtained the bond. Emergency had taken a violent look. The Kannada actress died in jail due to an inhalation problem. The situation was very bad in India. Now, after that, Indira realized that she could no longer handle it, since she was ill and was thinking of turning Sanjay Gandhi into her successor. On March 23, 1977, he ended the Emergency, freeing all opposition leaders. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. Emergency had taken a violent look. The Kannada actress died in jail due to an inhalation problem. The situation was very bad in India. Now, after that, Indira realized that she could no longer handle it, since she was ill and was thinking of turning Sanjay Gandhi into her successor. On March 23, 1977, he ended the Emergency, freeing all opposition leaders. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. Emergency had taken a violent look. The Kannada actress died in jail due to an inhalation problem. The situation was very bad in India. Now, after that, Indira realized that she could no longer handle it, since she was ill and was thinking of turning Sanjay Gandhi into her successor. On March 23, 1977, he ended the Emergency, freeing all opposition leaders. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. as she was ill and was thinking of making Sanjay Gandhi her successor. On March 23, 1977, he ended the Emergency, freeing all opposition leaders. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. as she was ill and was thinking of making Sanjay Gandhi her successor. On March 23, 1977, he ended the Emergency, freeing all opposition leaders. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM. The Janata Party won by majority. Morarji became PM.

But shortly after 1979, Congress regained power, snatching Charan Singh's support and winning the election. Due to lack of trust, the Morarji government failed.

He was 20 years old when the Emergency closed and he was horrified. I was totally against that. I thought that India's democratic experiment was over, that the world's prediction in 1947 that India was 10-15 years old was coming true.

India was euphoric after the victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan, which left that country split in two, the eastern wing born as Bangladesh. But the cost of that war and the eight months or more of clandestine support for the Bangladesh movement exhausted our fragile economy. And then there was the 1973 oil crisis, which tripled prices overnight. We had hyperi

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He was 20 years old when the Emergency closed and he was horrified. I was totally against that. I thought that India's democratic experiment was over, that the world's prediction in 1947 that India was 10-15 years old was coming true.

India was euphoric after the victory in the 1971 war with Pakistan, which left that country split in two, the eastern wing born as Bangladesh. But the cost of that war and the eight months or more of clandestine support for the Bangladesh movement exhausted our fragile economy. And then there was the 1973 oil crisis, which tripled prices overnight. We had 38% hyperinflation with no idea how to control it. A year of drought meant that food prices skyrocketed and availability was becoming a problem. Government controls on prices and distribution of many products meant that everything had a "black" market.

Discontent and discontent broke out, we were at the level of anarchy. Government services (railways, post office, telephone, health care, education) had broken down.

Indira Gandhi's election as a deputy was overturned by a judge. At the same time, JP called on the police to riot, something no leader had done before, not even during the British rule.

Indira Gandhi took this as a reason to impose the emergency. The "real" reason can be debated endlessly, because the debate will be based on opinions. I have said that I was against the Emergency, but I was also horrified by the call to riot.

A politically unconcerned citizen would have found government wonderful during an emergency. Government services became excellent. Trains, buses, and planes were running smoothly, mail and telegrams were delivered on time, electricity was plentiful, inflation was falling to zero, stores were stocked with essentials as merchants cleared their inventories. , etc.

The next shock was when the emergency was voluntarily withdrawn by Indira Gandhi herself, followed by the shock of free and fair elections, and the shock of Indira Gandhi accepting her resounding defeat. What followed was the first government of India outside of Congress, formed by the Janata Party, which in turn was a fusion of all the major opposition parties except the Communists. It's a different matter that they turned out to be completely incompetent and were emphatically kicked out by the voters when that Parl collapsed in less than 2 years.

I will not give the examples of Operation Blue Star and Emergency as they are very common and have already been explained in many answers.


I would try to present a completely different perspective by highlighting the events that occurred from January 11, 1966 (death of Lal Bahadur Shashtri) to December 4, 1971 (Indo-Pak War) and to some extent the hatred against her:

1) Inappropriate treatment of incumbent Prime Minister "Lal Bahadur Shashtri" and other high-ranking leaders of Congress.

Act:

After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru when Lal Bahadur Shashtri assumed his position, Indira wrote a letter to Shashtri asking him

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I will not give the examples of Operation Blue Star and Emergency as they are very common and have already been explained in many answers.


I would try to present a completely different perspective by highlighting the events that occurred from January 11, 1966 (death of Lal Bahadur Shashtri) to December 4, 1971 (Indo-Pak War) and to some extent the hatred against her:

1) Inappropriate treatment of incumbent Prime Minister "Lal Bahadur Shashtri" and other high-ranking leaders of Congress.

Act:

After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru when Lal Bahadur Shashtri assumed his position, Indira wrote a letter to Shashtri asking him to turn Nehru's residence into a monument, since the people who came to visit him would be much smaller than the people who used to visit to Nehru. .

Effect:

a) Indira had to face a harsh criticism for this letter because Shastri was quite depressed after this incident. He also had to face criticism from top congressional leaders.

b) He showed that he had no respect for other senior leaders in Congress.


2) Indira signed a tough agreement for PL480 with America



Act:

When Indira came to power, the country faced a food crisis induced by the drought that generated famines in Bihar and other northern states of India.

Bihar's condition in particular was pathetic in 1965-1966 with production reduced to just 20%. People were dying and the food crisis was rapidly turning into a calamity. India was also pushed into the sharpest recession since independence.

By not having direct solutions, Indira went to Washington and asked for help from America and during that time Lindon. B. Johnson, who was the president of the United States, assured Indira financial assistance.

Immediately afterwards 6.7 million tonnes of food grains were shipped to India according to PL480.

He also said that he would urge other countries to help India, but on two conditions:

a) India would have to support the genocide carried out by the United States in the Vietnam War and urged Indira to support the United States' war crimes in Vietnam.

b) India would have to devalue money, so the value of the dollar, which was previously 4.89 rupees, rose to 7.57 rupees.


Effect:

The first condition of the agreement was not met with criticism, but the second part of the agreement was too difficult to compromise. The value of the dollar had remained the same since independence, but this agreement increased its value dramatically.

This meant a lot to the Indians. Because India had a negative trade balance (now it exists too) and this arrangement meant that the flow of money from India to the outside world would occur rapidly without any gain leading to the devaluation of the rupees, hampering the economy. .

2) Nationalization of banks


Law:
On July 19, 1969 the Nationalization of the Bank was made, which is considered a heroic step for Indira. Until 1966 there were only 500 branches. There were mainly private banks. Only the rich could afford the use of a bank. But after the nationalization. of bank made by Indira the banks began to invest because they began to obtain benefits.

In 1969, around 6,000 branches were opened in 6 Lacs villages. There was an 800% increase in the number of banks and an 11,000% increase in loans.

Effect:

This step is often considered as the masterstroke of Indira Gandhi, who later helped her win the 1971 elections, but also affected Indira's image in the Congress party:

a) She had removed Moraji Desai on July 16, 1969 as Finance Minister, who was a prominent leader of the Congress Party. He had remained as Finance Minister for Jawaharlal Nehru and also served as CM of Maharashtra.

Sacking Moraji was a big step (done so that the banks could be nationalized) and happened without the consent of the top leaders of Congress, giving the impression that he would soon become a dictator.

b) Before the Nationalization of the Banks, the rich entrepreneurs used to give loans to the poor, it was a direct way of winning and exploiting the poor, now with the opening of the banks their business stagnated and that made them outraged.


3) Stopped the private purse fund to princely states


Act

Immediately after independence, when India was divided into a large number of princely states (565). The immediate job before Sardar Patel was to compel the kings of India to sign the Instrument of Accession.

The demand that the kings brought to Patel was that they be awarded money ranging from Rs 5,000 to a few million each month.
Nehru agreed with most of them and they were paid according to their size and population, as well as the status of kings.

About 4 million rupees were awarded to these states.

Indira immediately canceled the financing of motion principescos.La states to abolish the Privy Purses and official recognition of the titles originally filed before 1969 and was defeated by one vote in the Rajya Sabha 149 voting in favor and 75 against
It turned to be proposed in 1971, and was successfully approved as the 26th Amendment to the Constitution in 1971. Indira defended the abolition based on equal rights for all citizens and the need to reduce the government's income deficit.

Effect

The money that had previously been granted by the government was used to finance political parties at the regional level. When the money stopped, states, kings and political parties at the regional level were quite upset. They began to launch protests and discontent among them grew.

4) Constant conflict with the union


Act

Syndicate was a major section of Congress and consisted of non-Hindi-speaking states such as: Karnataka, Kerela, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and other small states.

Until 1967 it was in the hands of K. Kamraj and was the most powerful section of Congress.

During the 1969 presidential elections, when a meeting was held to elect the new president, India brought its support to VV Giri, who had resigned as Vice President of India in defiance of the consensus of the majority of Union leaders who supported Nilam Sanjeev Reddy. , an Andhra. Pradesh strongman and spokesperson for Lok Sabha.

Effect

a) Union had previously allowed the nationalization of the banks by Indira, but gradually he realized that Indira was out of control and his discontent with Indira also led to the spread of discontent among the people they represented.

b) When supporting Nilam Sanjeev, Reddy Syndicate thought that they could put a control on Indira. However, Indira's open challenge to Syndicate was a violation of Party's conduct. He became even more bitter when VV Giri won the election.

5) Division of Congress into Congress-R and Congress-O


Act:

The open challenge to the Union leaders was hard to swallow. On November 12, 1969, Indira was expelled from the party. The first time in history that a ruling prime minister was expelled from the party. One more reason behind the frustration was Indira's accusation that Syndicate took the help of the communal forces.

Effect

a) Indira refused to leave the party, she formed a party within the party called Congress-R and Trade Unions represented the Congress-O.

b) This generated the general impression that Indira will soon become a dictator, nothing will be able to stop her ambitions and she would become a threat to democracy.

c) It also led to the belief that Indira was playing the "Politics of dividing and governing".


I felt that these were some of the compelling reasons that generated widespread anger against her and a lot of people hated her.

Yet in fact, when he announced the parliamentary elections 14 months ahead of the scheduled time, most political pundits expected that he would lose.

But surprisingly in 1971, Congress improves on its previous performance by winning 352 seats (previously it had won 278 seats). Getting the leaders of Congress to say:

Indira is India and India is Indira!


Sources
Indira Gandhi
Lyndon B. Johnson
1966 Famine in India

A2A.

The most important consequence of the 1975 Emergency was the 44th Amendment Act of 1978.

Why?

For the following five reasons:

# 1. Originally, the Constitution mentioned "internal disturbance" as a reason for the proclamation of the National Emergency. But this expression "internal disturbance" was too vague and had a broader connotation.

The 44th Amendment to the 1978 Act replaced the words "internal disturbances" with "armed rebellion". 'Armed rebellion' is a more precise expression with clear connotations.

Therefore, it is no longer possible to crush a genuine political opposition by declaring

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A2A.

The most important consequence of the 1975 Emergency was the 44th Amendment Act of 1978.

Why?

For the following five reasons:

# 1. Originally, the Constitution mentioned "internal disturbance" as a reason for the proclamation of the National Emergency. But this expression "internal disturbance" was too vague and had a broader connotation.

The 44th Amendment to the 1978 Act replaced the words "internal disturbances" with "armed rebellion". 'Armed rebellion' is a more precise expression with clear connotations.

Therefore, it is no longer possible to crush the genuine political opposition by declaring a National Emergency for reasons of "internal disturbances", as the government of Indira Gandhi did in 1975.

# 2. The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 made it mandatory for the Prime Minister to consult the cabinet, and the President will proclaim a National Emergency only after receiving a written recommendation from the cabinet.

In 1975, Indira Gandhi advised the president to proclaim an emergency without consulting his cabinet. This decision was reported to the cabinet later, as a fait accompli.

The concurrence of the cabinet eliminates any future possibility that the prime minister alone will make such a decision.

# 3. The declaration of National Emergency is not immune from judicial review.

The 38th Amendment Act of 1975 made the declaration of National Emergency immune from judicial review, but the 44th Amendment Act of 1978 removed this provision.

# 4. Before the 44th Amendment to the Act of 1978, an emergency, once passed by Parliament, could remain in operation as long as the cabinet wished.

The 44th Amendment of 1978 made periodic parliamentary approval every six months mandatory for the continuation of the emergency.

So the emergency can be extended only in phases of six months, and every time an approval from the Parliament would be required.

# 5. Prior to the 44th Amendment to the 1978 Act, a resolution approving the emergency proclamation could be passed by a simple majority in Parliament.

After the 44th Amendment Act of 1978, each such resolution must be passed by a special majority of Parliament, that is:

  • The majority of the total household membership, and
  • A majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that chamber present and voting.

In the long run, the emergency proclamation turned out to be a blessing in disguise by revealing certain cracks in the constitution, which were later fixed to ensure that democracy never dies the same way again.

(Times Of India published this in their obituary column during the emergency. Image source: Google)

The emergency made the people more cautious, the judiciary more vigilant, and spawned an alternative class of leadership.

* I hear people say that prices fell during an emergency. Well, it was mainly due to a good monsoon in 1975, so the fall in prices cannot be attributed to the emergency.

* Trains ran on time and industrial production increased because dissident unions were behind bars. The people were punctual and 'obedient' because the draconian sword of punishment hung over their heads. If the fear of the masses was the driving force behind the so-called "economic development", I don't think it is something to appreciate.

I deduce two aspects of Indira Gandhi from the work and achievements of her life: she was a socialist leader and she was a despot who could do anything to fulfill her intentions.

Now the question is what would have happened if she were alive:

  1. The first and most important thing is that our country had leaned towards socialism. He nationalized the major banks and introduced the 20-point program and was firmly against the poverty stricken society. He wanted to eradicate poverty from our country, but was largely unable to do so.
  2. We would never have witnessed liberalization, as she was a staunch socialist and
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I deduce two aspects of Indira Gandhi from the work and achievements of her life: she was a socialist leader and she was a despot who could do anything to fulfill her intentions.

Now the question is what would have happened if she were alive:

  1. The first and most important thing is that our country had leaned towards socialism. He nationalized the major banks and introduced the 20-point program and was firmly against the poverty stricken society. He wanted to eradicate poverty from our country, but was largely unable to do so.
  2. We would never have witnessed liberalization, as she was a staunch socialist and would have taken steps in favor of socialism, thus weakening our economy.
  3. I think there would have been no political stability as we are witnessing now. It was a policy that could go beyond any limit to win the elections and that is why no party could resist Congress during its time.
  4. She could turn our constitution into a mere written document that has no control over politicians and dilutes the powers of the judiciary as it did in 1973, violating the convention of appointing the majority of superior judges as CJI. It would have distorted our constitution.

In my opinion, it is better that we have lost Indira Gandhi since she could change the entire scenario of our country negatively.

Indra Gandhi had a kitchen cabinet chaired by Sanjay Gandhi. An electoral petition asking the court to declare Indra Gandhi's election null and void, as she had indulged in improper practices.

As the case progressed, Shri Jayaprakash Narain, a collaso in human form, started a moment with the support of almost all opposition parties, public and especially students, to make IG resign as prime minister.

The timing was coincidentally perfect as the HC of Allahabad (now Prayagraj) ruled that IG had indeed tampered with his constituency, and he will lose his post as deputy who will aut

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Indra Gandhi had a kitchen cabinet chaired by Sanjay Gandhi. An electoral petition asking the court to declare Indra Gandhi's election null and void, as she had indulged in improper practices.

As the case progressed, Shri Jayaprakash Narain, a collaso in human form, started a moment with the support of almost all opposition parties, public and especially students, to make IG resign as prime minister.

El momento fue coincidentemente perfecto cuando la HC de Allahabad (ahora Prayagraj) dictaminó que IG había manipulado en su distrito electoral, y ella perderá su puesto de diputada, lo que la destronará automáticamente.

There was glee and mirth in the opposition front. Some of the leaders who are alive now were young at that time. JP was supported by every party other than Congress. He shot into fame overnight. But he was very clean person with no ambitions. That quality also was lauded by the public.

The then President of India, Fakrudin Ali Ahmed was a IG loyalist and a blind follower of Madam. He signed up a midnight proclamation declaring emergency to avoid internal strife. That day was a heady day for IG and she became a despot and dictator .

President Fakrudin Ali Ahmed was too willing to please IG, he would sign any paper sent to him. Abu Abraham, a fine cartoonist who was at that time with Indian Express brought out a cartoon where the President signs from the bath dub.

Some of the National newspapers came out blank or wit black sheets to register their protest against news paper censoring.

The emergency lasted for about 26 months. We say govt. Officials, private companies, railways and India Airlines and Air India, all of the above working in click like precision, out of fear. We Indians announced loudly and without any ambiguity that we are a Nation of servile people who will bend backwards when asked to bow.

This was the background. Hundreds of people went missing. Courts could not be approached to file habeus corpus petition for every one lacked a spine. The sad and cruellest of all was the missing case of a student activist from Kerala, named Rajan. The then CM Karunakaran, one of the coteries of IG, took personal interest to bury this case. That boy was never seen alive or dead. Till date he is a missing person .

K.Kamaraj who as President of Congress party nominated IG as PM, died heartbroken. After the emergency was lifted, a few months later JPvwas found dead in his bedroom.what was shocking was that, he was in his knees and head touching the ground, as though he was paying Pranams to the Gods.

Jayaprakash Narayan

Indian political leader

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  1. 1 of 3DescriptionJayaprakash Narayan, popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak, was an Indian independence activist, theorist, socialist and political leader.WikipediaBorn: 11 October 1902, SaranDied: 8 October 1979, PatnaMovement: Quit India, Sarvodaya, JP MovementNicknames: Lok Nayak, JPEducation: University of California, Berkeley, Patna College, Patna Collegiate .

Many people have different opinions about Emergency and Ms. Gandhi's ruling. One thing I want to tell you. Indians like taking orders more than advice. Same thing Ms. Gandhi did during an emergency. At the time, there were no biometric machines to monitor the presence of government employees. In one fell swoop he did. No strikes, no Hartls, etc. Things went smoothly. The only thing they did wrong was mandatory family planning operations. But now it has also been shown to be good. But it's too late. Ms. Gandhi was never autocratic. Compared to the current government

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Many persons got different views on Emergency and the ruling of Mrs. Gandhi. One thing I wish to tell. Indians mostly like to receive commands rather than advises. The same thing Mrs. Gandhi did during emergency. At that time, there were no bio-metric machines to monitor the presence of Government employees. With one stroke she did it. No strikes, No Hartls etc., Things went on smoothly. The only thing they did wrong is that of compulsory family planning operations. But now that is also proved to be a good one. But its too late. Mrs. Gandhi was never autocratic. Compared to the present government, she was very much friendly.

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