What are job opportunities like for people in the US after a PhD? What kinds of jobs do they get?

Updated on : January 21, 2022 by Valentin Craft



What are job opportunities like for people in the US after a PhD? What kinds of jobs do they get?

There are many excellent research positions available because there is a shortage of highly qualified and experienced engineers in this field.

I'll answer this question assuming you already know the traditional path of an academic, that is, a PhD, a Postdoctoral Fellow, and then getting a permanent position. However, given the shortage of teaching positions, many PhDs are moving into industry and using their skills successfully in the corporate world. If you are a Ph.D. and don't want to continue in academia, then don't worry. Your PhD is not a waste, in fact you can use it to your advantage. The industry offers a wide variety of challenging problems that will definitely suit your research-driven experience. Some of the classics i

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I'll answer this question assuming you already know the traditional path of an academic, that is, a PhD, a Postdoctoral Fellow, and then getting a permanent position. However, given the shortage of teaching positions, many PhDs are moving into industry and using their skills successfully in the corporate world. If you are a Ph.D. and don't want to continue in academia, then don't worry. Your PhD is not a waste, in fact you can use it to your advantage. The industry offers a wide variety of challenging problems that will definitely suit your research-driven experience. Some of the classic industry jobs for you are:

  1. Consulting: - The master problem solver. Often during a PhD, you are overwhelmed by a task that seemed insurmountable, you worked hard, you did your research, and you finally figured it out. If you are a person who enjoys solving seemingly unsolvable problems, this job is for you. Some of the big names are McKinsey, Bain and Co., etc. Expect really good wages, but very long working hours.
  2. Quantitative Researcher: - The math-loving programming genius. If you like to solve complex math problems (like the ones theoretical physicists do regularly and you love to code them), this might be the perfect option for you. It is assumed that you are a good programmer and that you have a complete command of at least one programming language. You will be surprised by the number of PhDs (mostly in Physical Sciences and Mathematics) working in this field. It is not surprising there, since the field was developed by physicists and mathematicians. A knowledge of basic finance comes in handy - after all, you may one day become a hedge fund manager. Companies like Goldman Sachs, Blackrock, etc. are well known. The competition is tough but the rewards are high.
  3. Industrial Researcher / Research Scientist / Research Associate - This position goes by many names, with a few different job descriptions, but you will be glad to know that research is not just limited to academia, especially in fields such as chemistry, biology, and some branches in physics such as materials science. Also, if you are a computer science graduate, this is the time to look for that job. If you want to research further, this position is perfect for you. The list of companies that employ people with this job description is huge. Even Google (or Alphabet to be correct) advertises such positions.
  4. Science Writer / Editor / Communicator: - Do you love writing or editing content? Regardless of the field, numerous opportunities await you. It goes without saying that your level of English will be assessed (surprise surprise) since it is what most of the readable content is created in, although it does not hurt to know another language (other than your mother tongue).
  5. Medical Science Link: - Leading Life Science PhDs, this is another sexy job out of this time and it pays really well. MSLs are employed by most of the big pharmaceutical companies and they advertise the products and also look at how well they are received. They also have to suggest any changes that may be necessary to the product. It is well paid, but it requires excellent communication skills and some sales skills as well (just remember that in any industrial job you have to have a marketable product so it is a basic requirement. Remember you also had to sell why your PhD research is important).
  6. Data Scientist: - Probably the sexiest job of the century and also the most hyped. With the advent of modern machine learning techniques, traditional statistical analysis will no longer work and you need people who can research and analyze all available data and maximize profits, sales, etc. for a company, using the most appropriate tools. Most doctors have experience with data analysis at some point and that is valuable. Data Science also accepts people of diverse backgrounds, from physicists to social scientists. But be careful and read job descriptions carefully, different companies have a different idea of ​​what they think a data scientist should do. However, it is an excellent additional option for doctors. If you are well versed in R or Python or both, what are you doing? Only applies! PS R and Python is what most data scientists use.
  7. Software Engineering - Many physicists end up doing a lot of code at the end of the day. Especially those who work in particle physics, astrophysics, or those who perform complex simulations. If you are training yourself to write production-quality code and are familiar with version control software (such as Git), you can apply for a developer job. Many physicists with or without a Ph.D. take this route. The pay in general is quite high.
  8. Patent Agent / Lawyer / Consultant - This is another possible career option for physicists / chemists / biologists, although this will involve obtaining additional training. It's a rewarding job, but you may need to start as an apprentice at a company that deals with patents early in your career.

Hope this covers most of the popular non-academic options for you if you have a PhD. I'd be happy to add more jobs, if you think I missed something important!

After finishing study, you have three options after completing your master's degree in the USA:

1 Find a job in the US and get an H1B visa

2 Apply for a doctorate there

3 Return to your country of origin

1: --- Job search and visa:

Most Indian students go to higher education in the US to get a job. Although a master's education in the US is the best in the world, it is very expensive. Therefore, most students finance their education through loans. The only way to pay off those huge debts with less difficulty is to work in the United States. However, getting a job in the United States is not easy. First you have to get th

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After finishing study, you have three options after completing your master's degree in the USA:

1 Find a job in the US and get an H1B visa

2 Apply for a doctorate there

3 Return to your country of origin

1: --- Job search and visa:

Most Indian students go to higher education in the US to get a job. Although a master's education in the US is the best in the world, it is very expensive. Therefore, most students finance their education through loans. The only way to pay off those huge debts with less difficulty is to work in the United States. However, getting a job in the United States is not easy. First of all, you need to get the H1B work visa. There are many factors that influence the issuance of H1B visas. Not all students who complete their master's degree in the US receive job offers. But if you plan to continue living in the US, Master's degree will help you apply for H1B visa under Master's fee (20,000 visa only).

Most students look for employers to sponsor their H1B visa. But students must remember that this will restrict their options in an environment where it is already difficult to get a job. Also, many of the employers would choose not to deal with the US embassy until they feel that you are particularly worthy of a job. Apart from the large multinationals, there are very few companies that hire foreigners. Getting a job like new in the US is not an easy task.

On-Campus Placements: Most of you may be wondering about on-campus placements. In addition to all the immigration restrictions, the campus placement policy for international students makes it even more difficult to get a job. Most companies only hire US citizens and green card holders.

Optional Practical Training (OPT) - The US government grants only one window period (24 months for STEM) for you to find a job upon completion of your OPT. Since it is difficult to get a job within a certain time frame, most students opt for summer internships. But this is not easy either. It is very important for you to make good contacts and have a network. Unless you have established yourself with some important person in the industry, getting an internship or a job would be a challenge. If you don't get a job within the stipulated deadline, you have no choice but to return to your home country.

Consulting Jobs - Most students end up accepting consulting jobs. What they forget to note is that most of these jobs are contract-based IT jobs. This is definitely not worth all the investment and time spent in a foreign country.

2: --- Doctorate after Master's:

As mentioned above, most students take a doctoral program after completing their master's degree. This option should be considered only by those who are sure of their choice and want to continue in the field of research. Also, you have to enroll in one of the best colleges to get something of significance and value.

3: ---- Returning to India:

Upon your return to India, don't be surprised if they look at you like any other cooler. You may not necessarily have an advantage simply because you were educated in the US The Indian industry will consider the skills you can bring to the industry, not your degree. Therefore, acquiring some special skills in the field of your study is very important. Once you show them that you have skills that add value to the industry, you are sure to receive huge paychecks.

my suggestion: ----
It is very important that you speak with various professors, professors, and other students who have studied in the United States to learn more about the real experience. This will give you an idea of ​​US education and the tips they provide could help you a great deal. Make sure you contact the right person. Build your contacts and networks to help you survive in a foreign world.
Join edulix and read the new US immigration amendments.

If you are Indian or Chinese, don't even think about wasting your time and money doing a master's or doctorate. in the US Let me explain. Once you graduate, you can search for jobs during a one-year OPT period. If you manage to get a job, then you need an H1B visa to keep that job. Currently, USCIS relies on a computer generated random selection process (lottery) to select H1B visas. Suppose you are lucky enough to get an H1B visa for 3 years. Now you need to apply for a green card because you want stability in your life. Every time you travel with H1B to visit your family in India or China or anywhere or

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If you are Indian or Chinese, don't even think about wasting your time and money doing a master's or doctorate. in the US Let me explain. Once you graduate, you can search for jobs during a one-year OPT period. If you manage to get a job, then you need an H1B visa to keep that job. Currently, USCIS relies on a computer generated random selection process (lottery) to select H1B visas. Suppose you are lucky enough to get an H1B visa for 3 years. Now you need to apply for a green card because you want stability in your life. Every time you travel with H1B to visit your family in India or China or anywhere outside the US, you must appear in front of a visa officer who will decide if you can re-enter the US and continue with the work that cost him so much to earn. So you need a green card to achieve a stable life. If your employer applies for your green card today, as an Indian or Chinese, you have to wait 20 years (at best) to 150 years (at worst) to get a green card. Travel outside of the US is not recommended while your green card application is pending. Moral of the story: It is difficult to win freedom for the Indians and Chinese in the land of the free and the home of the brave. As long as your green card application is pending. Moral of the story: It is difficult to win freedom for the Indians and Chinese in the land of the free and the home of the brave. As long as your green card application is pending. Moral of the story: It is difficult to win freedom for the Indians and Chinese in the land of the free and the home of the brave.

Other options for Indians or Chinese:

Canada does not discriminate against people like the United States. Once you receive a PhD. from a Canadian university, you can apply for permanent residence using the province's nomination program. New Zealand, Australia, and Singapore are also good options for Indians or Chinese if you're ready to spend your time and money there.

Thanks for telling us what. Statistics is good as it is a precise science and does not require laboratory work.

To get a Ph.D. in the US There are no standardized rules that apply to all schools. While you need pretty good grades on your master's degree, the demand in any school depends on the research and teaching needs at the school. These vary from year to year. Some years they do not bring anyone and another year they can accept several candidates.

You should search the websites of the schools you are interested in applying to. People I know who participated in a PhD program in the US already had r

Keep reading

Thanks for telling us what. Statistics is good as it is a precise science and does not require laboratory work.

To get a Ph.D. in the US There are no standardized rules that apply to all schools. While you need pretty good grades on your master's degree, the demand in any school depends on the research and teaching needs at the school. These vary from year to year. Some years they do not bring anyone and another year they can accept several candidates.

You should search the websites of the schools you are interested in applying to. People I know who entered a Ph.D. program in the US already had research experience at the bachelor's and master's level. In addition, the university for the doctorate had already obtained a research contract that required the applicant's specialty. Additionally, PhD students often have to do undergraduate teaching and must be able to teach Americans in a way that grabs their attention. Therefore, their English must be clear, especially if they have an accent.

They have to be able to project personality in the room and not just sit there writing lots of math on the blackboards in the room. They should be able to communicate topics in a way that students want to learn. For the ones I know, they have mostly been Toastmasters embers. An inexpensive way to learn to convey your message concisely.

Of course, they will need letters of recommendation from their masters professors.

Finally, they may need the $ 50,000 a year this can cost because, unless the candidate is a world-class published researcher, there may not be funds available for international students other than Canadians.

Regardless of all this, the candidate should research the websites of the schools they want to attend. Then send questions to the school if things are unclear.

By the way, the most demanded part of the statistics at the moment is "Data Analysis".

  1. Select a specialization (this will depend on your previous research interests and topics).
  2. Check the websites of the colleges you would like to pursue. (Check their websites for the full length of the program. It varies from university to university).
  3. Pick people for letters of recommendation.
  4. Enter SOP.
  5. Organize your transcripts.
  6. Report your GRE and TOEFL scores.

  1. I suggest that while you are doing a PhD, you are evaluating your options. Leaving it for last is probably not the best option. If you like to do research while working on your PhD, then apply one year before your c
Keep reading
  1. Select a specialization (this will depend on your previous research interests and topics).
  2. Check the websites of the colleges you would like to pursue. (Check their websites for the full length of the program. It varies from university to university).
  3. Pick people for letters of recommendation.
  4. Enter SOP.
  5. Organize your transcripts.
  6. Report your GRE and TOEFL scores.

  1. I suggest that while you are doing a PhD, you are evaluating your options. Leaving it for last is probably not the best option. If you like to do research while working on your PhD, then requesting a PDF from a research lab a year in advance is a good plan.

    As you work on your Ph.D., you should speak with your advisor, department chair, and graduate advisor about teaching assistant opportunities. If you enjoy these, or can at least appreciate them, then it would be good to consider arranging the opportunity to teach a junior level course in your field. This will also be useful if you choose Academic, as you will already have teaching experience, and you will know if this is something you want to continue ...

    During your PhD, it would also be wise to include industry / government partners in your project and develop relationships with them, so that you have an idea of ​​what is possible, while also providing opportunities for future hires. Furthermore, even as an academic, we often work with numerous types of institutions, from governmental, private, commercial, etc.

    A PhD is a place not only to complete a thesis, it is a place to train yourself and be trained by others in the possibilities that exist, or potentially will exist with the knowledge you are acquiring.


  1. You must start applying at least one year before you intend to enter a university. This will allow you to identify the professor whose work most closely matches your academic interests.

Everything in the research field (doctorate) depends on numerous variables such as advisor, publications, etc. However, this question has another important variable, which is your country of origin.

Please note that everything related to immigration may be out of date. My acquaintance is almost 7 years old. So, check your website or lawyers. This answer is supposed to be generic.

The simple answer is YES. Once you finish your PhD, get a job primarily in academia. In which case, your H1B is a breeze. However, if you enter the industry, you must enter OPT and apply for H1B in general

Keep reading

Everything in the research field (doctorate) depends on numerous variables such as advisor, publications, etc. However, this question has another important variable, which is your country of origin.

Please note that everything related to immigration may be out of date. My acquaintance is almost 7 years old. So, check your website or lawyers. This answer is supposed to be generic.

The simple answer is YES. Once you finish your PhD, get a job primarily in academia. In which case, your H1B is a breeze. However, if you enter the industry, then you must enter OPT and apply for H1B at the general fee (of course, you are eligible for the advanced degree fee if you belong to STEM). In general fee, your application will be in the lottery. Then you need a bit of good luck (literally).

Once you have the (H1B) visa, you will need to apply for the long-stay green card (the H1B has a time limit, although there may be ways to extend it). Being a PhD, you are eligible to apply in the EB1 category, which can take anywhere from 6 months to 3 years depending on your academic achievements.

The waiting list for your green card depends on the country of origin. If you are from India or China, expect high competition for the Green Card, even in the EB1 category.

So there are a lot of "what ifs," but it's not hard to get a postdoc opportunity after your doctorate.

It will be difficult to guide you, without knowing your current specialization and location, but I will try.

If you are in a foreign country:

and trying to get a job to come to the US, then there might be some advantages over graduate students for the same position. This is a totally different question and I will stop at this point.

If you are already in the US, then

The answer is No. A job is something that a company or person offers. When the ability to make decisions is NOT with you and you are DEPENDENT on another person or company, THERE IS NO PERMANENT SECURITY for any job.

But

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It will be difficult to guide you, without knowing your current specialization and location, but I will try.

If you are in a foreign country:

and trying to get a job to come to the US, then there might be some advantages over graduate students for the same position. This is a totally different question and I will stop at this point.

If you are already in the US, then

The answer is No. A job is something that a company or person offers. When the ability to make decisions is NOT with you and you are DEPENDENT on another person or company, THERE IS NO PERMANENT SECURITY for any job.

But the best advice I can give you is:

  1. Get a job related to your profession in any company OR university / college.
  2. Expand your reach online in parallel by using tools to train others related to your topic around the world using the Coursera / Udemy / Teachable platforms, etc. (This will work, no matter where in the world you are)

3. Start part-time consulting with companies related to your profession.

By doing a combination of part-time work and teaching online / consulting, you will be able to secure your future for sure.

Please comment and let me know if you have any specific questions.

Thanks

Satya

The career options after the completion of the doctorate would
depend specifically on the specialization carried out. Kindly be specific
with the program, as the PhD is offered in a particular specialization
. The research doctoral program prepares an individual for a
career as a teacher, researcher, and academic, which may
or may not include a clinical component. The structure of a doctoral program
focuses on preparing individuals for careers in research,
teaching, and other academic activities. Therefore, when
practicing physicians decide to pursue a doctorate, they may appropriately view the
degree as a career path.

Keep reading

The career options after the completion of the doctorate would
depend specifically on the specialization carried out. Kindly be specific
with the program, as the PhD is offered in a particular specialization
. The research doctoral program prepares an individual for a
career as a teacher, researcher, and academic, which may
or may not include a clinical component. The structure of a doctoral program
focuses on preparing individuals for careers in research,
teaching, and other academic activities. Therefore, when
practicing physicians decide to pursue a doctorate, they can appropriately view the
title as a career change, from a primary or exclusive focus on
clinical activities to a focus on teaching, research, and others.
academic activities. For some academics, clinical teaching and
clinical services are a component of their work, but other teaching,
research, and academic activities are critical components of their
professional activities.

It is quite possible to do it, although it would depend on the area. Business school Ph.D. graduates land jobs in the US.

Indian University PhD is different when comparing US PhD.

Job opportunity varies in the US depending on the type of VISA, work permit, sponsorship, and current regulations for the employment of foreign nationals.

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